Quick & Easy! How to find your skin type?

Megan Dominion

In order to care for your skin effectively, you must understand your skin type and how it reacts to different circumstances and seasons. The skin is the largest organ in your body, as complex and intelligent as your heart, lungs, liver, and other vital organs.

Misinterpretation of your skin type could have a negative impact on your skin health. For example, using cleansers and exfoliating scrubs that are not suited for oily skin, even if they are suggested for excessive oiliness, might send the message to your skin that more oils are actually needed. Conversely, using a face moisturizer that’s too thick or heavy could cause decreased natural oil production, leading to even drier skin.

Learning about your skin’s particular needs will help you to pick the right products that will balance out your skin, resulting in a healthier, brighter complexion. Everyone’s skin is unique, but here are three basic skin types that may help to identify where yours falls in the most. There are five skin types oily, dry, a combination of both, normal, and sensitive. But before finding each one`s particularities, let`s first see how you can determine your skin type.

How to determine your skin type at home?

#The Bare-Faced Method

To find your skin type, start by washing your face with warm water and a hydrating cleanser. Gently massage your face in a circular motion for about 60 seconds, then rinse with cool water. Wait 30 minutes, and then try to examine your cheeks, nose, forehead for any shine. Assess your skin’s hydration by smiling or making any other facial expressions. If your skin feels tight, your skin is likely dehydrated. See a noticeable shine on your nose and forehead, and on your cheeks in addition? You most likely have combination skin. If there is shine only on your forehead and nose, and not on your cheeks, you most likely have dry skin.

#The Blotting Sheet Method

Another easy method to tell your skin type is to apply blotting paper to different parts of your face. Hold the sheet up to a bright light to see how much sebum (oil) is absorbed. The more oil on the blotter, the oilier your complexion is likely to be. If you see little to no sebum, you may have dry or sensitive skin. Lastly, if the blotting paper shows minimal sebum from your forehead and cheeks only, you probably have normal skin. To get the best results, try this test during the day or evening hours. Blotting your skin too early in the morning can skew the results.

The best way to find your skin type is to consult with a dermatologist or a qualified skin care specialist. They will be able to properly assess your skin and give you the best advice on which products to use.

Skin types

There are five basic types of skin, as we discussed above.

  1. Oily skin

Oily skin is determined by how much sebum your skin produces. If your skin continually produces excess oil, it can lead to clogged pores and blemishes. Oily skin is more prone to developing blackheads, whiteheads, and pimples. That`s why it is important to find products that provide lightweight hydration and absorb excess oil without removing your skin’s natural moisture barrier, the first line of defense between you and the outside world.

Also, a good idea is to apply a face mask once or twice a week to help control oil and minimize pores. Look for a product that contains clay, which will absorb excess oil. You should also consider using a gel-based cleanser, which will remove oil without stripping your skin.

2. Dry skin

Dry skin is characterized by a lack of natural oils. It can feel tight, rough, and flaky. Insufficient moisture prevents the skin’s natural moisture barrier from working effectively. Consequently, the skin becomes vulnerable to irritation and premature aging, as well as minor irritation.

A good skin care routine for dry skin should include products that nurture and protect the skin’s natural moisture barrier. Dry skin can be restored by emollients like squalane or camellia oil, help smooth and hydrate your skin evenly and effectively. Also, products containing hyaluronic acid (often listed as sodium hyaluronate in ingredients) and glycerin are good for a dry skin. Furthermore, marine actives, like algae, attract water and deliver it directly to skin cells.

3. A combination of both oily and dry

Some people have skin that is a combination of both oily and dry. This means that they may have an oily T-zone (forehead, nose, and chin) and dry cheeks.

While caring for combination skin may seem complicated, it’s actually quite simple. The t-zone and cheek areas need gentle, daily exfoliation as well, while ror hydration, moisturizers with a gel-like texture are absorbed more quickly and less likely to clog pores and cause breakouts.

To avoid over-moisturizing and stressing the skin, start with a small amount and increase as needed.

4. Sensitive skin

Sensitive skin is characterized by a reaction to certain triggers, such as chemicals, fragrances, harsh weather conditions, and other sensitivities. Sensitive skin can be dry, oily, or a combination of both. It is often more delicate and can be easily irritated.

The best way to care for sensitive skin is to use products that are specifically designed for sensitive skin. These products will be gentle and will not contain any harsh chemicals or fragrances.

5. Normal skin

Normal skin is well-balanced and is not too dry or too oily. It is not easily irritated and has few blemishes. If you have normal skin, you should simply focus on maintaining its natural balance. A gentle cleanser, a lightweight moisturizer, and a broad-spectrum sunscreen should be part of your daily skincare routine.

Megan Dominion

Megan Dominion is SILKUP's Managing Editor. She's been down both the curly hair and skincare rabbit holes many times and loves that there's always something new to learn; a new science, method, product or personal experience.